I am often asked what Kind of mill we are.
Here are the different types of fiber processing mills that yarn and fabric produces refer to as:
A Worsted mill is a type of textile mill that primarily produces woolen type fabrics and yarns. Woolen fabrics are crafted from wool fibers that have been carded, which is a process of separating and aligning the fibers to form a fluffy sheet. The carded wool fibers are then spun into yarn and woven or knit into fabric. Woolen fabrics have a soft and fuzzy texture due to the fibers being loosely arranged, and they are typically warmer and more insulating than other types of fabrics.
On the other hand, a worsted mill specializes in producing worsted fabrics. Worsted fabrics are made from longer wool fibers that have been combed and aligned in a parallel manner to create a smooth and compact yarn. The yarn is then woven into a tightly woven fabric, resulting in a smooth and lustrous finish. Worsted fabrics are generally more durable, lighter, and suited to drape well, making them ideal for tailored clothing such as suits and trousers.
Lastly, a semi-worsted mill is a mill that blends some of the characteristics of both Woolen and Worsted mills. It produces semi-worsted fabrics and yarns, which are made from fibers that are partially carded and partially combed. The process creates a yarn that has some of the smoothness and compactness of worsted yarns but retains a slightly fuzzy texture similar to woolen fabrics. Semi-Worsted fabrics and Yarns are versatile and can be used for a wide range of garments, offering a balance between warmth, durability and comfort.
Here at Winterstrom Ranch our fiber mill is considered a Semi-Worsted fiber mill. We enjoy how our yarns take on the best of both types of processes.